Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ...................... Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary

Column

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Architecture

A supporting pillar consisting of a base, a cylindrical shaft, and a
capital

Latin: "columna" - a post

Column vs. post: post lacks the essential qualities of a column: base, shaft and capital

Columns are found in virtually all styles of architecture.

Many features that we associate with ancient columns are artistic interpretations of earlier plant and wooden structural elements. See  Frank E. Wallis, Greek Architecture and American Buildings,1910 book excerpt

In cemeteries, a broken column represents life cut off.

Shapes:

Materials:

Shafts:

Styles of Classical columns:

Colonnade: A series of columns in a straight line carrying an entablature

colu: A series of arches supported by pillars, piers or columns;  a roofed passageway or lane, especially one with shops on either side

Classical two-story columns are found in Beaux Arts Classical, Greek Revival, Neoclassical styles

Classical one-story columns are found in Italianate, Beaux Arts Classical, Greek Revival, Neoclassical Colonial Revival, Queen Anne, Italian Renaissance Revival styles


Palladio's Drawings of the Five Classical Orders


Click on drawing for larger size

Source: Andrea Palladio, colu, Dover Books


See also: Vitruvius Pollio on Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Orders  (The Greeks were first to declare that architecture was based on the proportions and form of the human body.)

See also: Banded column ....Caryatid ....... Clustered column ...........Colonnade........ Engaged column ........  Egyptian columns   ........ Hypostyle ...... Loggia ...... Peristyle..... ... Pilaster ....... Portico .......Twisted column


Furniture

An upright member which is taller than it is thick, and serves as a support for something resting on its top.


Examples from Buffalo:

Other examples:


Photos and their arrangement 2002 Chuck LaChiusa
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