Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ......................... Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary
TRAY sir ee
1. A pattern of interlacing lines - esp. one in a stained glass window - often made of wood, stone or cast iron.
2. Any fine lacy pattern resembling this
Found in fanlights.
Mouchette: A daggerlike motif found especially in 14th cent. Gothic tracery, formed by elliptical and ogee curves so that it is pointed at one end and circular at the other.
In Gothic and Gothic Revival Architecture
Tracery was especially typical in Gothic Revival.
Types of Tracery
Blind tracery: Tracery adorning a wall or panel but not pierced through
Branch tracery : A form, of Gothic tracery in Germany in the late 15th and early 16th cent; made to imitate rustic work with boughs and knots.
Net (reticulated) tracery: Gothic tracery consisting mainly of a netlike arrangement of repeated geometrical figures.
The earliest form of window tracery, typical of Gothic architecture prior to the early 13th century, is known as plate tracery because the individual lights (the glazed openings in the window) have the appearance of being cut out of a flat plate of masonry.
A common image used by art historians to help visualise the distinctive characteristics of plate tracery is to imagine rolling out a flat sheet of cookie-dough, then punching holes in it with a limited set of shaped cookie cutters. (In practice of course, windows were not cut out of continuous sheets of stone - plate tracery was constructed from carefully shaped and jointed pieces of masonry which were coursed in to the surrounding walls - but the analogy is still a helpful one).
Plate tracery example Chartres Cathedral
To continue the cookie-dough metaphor, bar-tracery is what would result from rolling thin flexible coils of dough with one's hands and then bending and joining them into complex, interlacing patterns.
... the glass panels were held between narrow stone mullions made up of carefully shaped lengths of masonry (fitted together with mortar and metal pins) quite distinct from the wall surrounding them. These mullions were much more slender than the corresponding elements in plate tracery windows.
Unlike with plate tracery, where each stone had to be individually shaped, the elements of bar tracery could be mass-produced to standard templates in the mason's yard - work that could continue even when it was too cold for lime mortar to set.
- Text: Wikipedia (April 2012)
Bar tracery example: Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
Also found in furniture, including lamps, chandeliers.
Examples from Buffalo:
- Illustration above: St. Paul's Cathedral Stained glass window
- 479 Delaware Ave., Midway Fanlight
- Wicks House Transom windows
- Williams-Pratt House Leaded glass window
- Alexander Main Curtiss House Leaded glass windows
- Church of the Advent Stained glass window
- St. John's Grace Episcopal Interior wood
- St. Frances de Sales RC Church Stained glass window
- Hellenic Orthodox Church of the Annunciation Stained glass window
- Dr. Charles Cary House, 340 Delaware Ave. Leaded glass window
- Thomas J. McKinney House Wooden built-in bookcase
- Plymouth Methodist Church / Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum Five-lancet traceried window
- Saints Peter and Paul RC Church, Hamburg Twoe-lancet traceried window
- St. Denis Abbey, Paris, France Stained glass windows
- Church of St. Mary (Kosciol Mariacki), Cracow, Poland Stained glass window
- Furniture: Back of hall chair - Winterthur Museum
- Furniture: Château de Bourdeilles, France