Fontainebleau - Table of Contents ...................Architecture Around the World

Francis I Gallery - Fontainebleau Palace

TEXT Beneath Illustrations

Click on illustrations for larger size - and additional information

Under Francis I's patronage,
Italian artists brought the
Renaissance to France






Coffered ceiling

Electrified Baroque style chandelier

Coffered ceiling

Sculpted, gilded wainscoting


Trestle table: griffin

Trestle table


Sculpted, gilded wainscoting: salamander

Sculpted, gilded wainscoting


Francis I



Innovations at Fontainebleau

Under Francis I's patronage, Italian artists brought the Renaissance to France. For example, before 1524, decoration under Francis I included walls that were completely free of decoration because they were habitually covered by tapestries. Unlike tapestries, the frescoes introduced by the Italians were permanent

It is important to note that the artistic work at Fontainebleau was not simply an slavish imitation of Italian Renaissance - creaivity flourished.

One innovation at Fontainebleau was that the Italians combined two of their habitual forms of decoration - the gallery decorated with frescoes and the wood-paneled studioli (small studios) - to create a type of decoration unknown in Italy.

Another innovation: the technique of stone sculptures, so familiar to French artists, was replaced by the use of a new, typically Italian material, stucco. (The first stucco creations were by Raphael in the galleries of the Vatican in Rome.) The use of garland of fruits and vegetables was borrowed from the Della Robbias' glazed terra cottas. Instead of terra cotta, however, surrounding the frescoes were stucco high-relief figures and decorative motifs of scrolled cartouches and garlands of fruit.

Photos and their arrangement © 2004 Chuck LaChiusa
| ...Home Page ...| ..Buffalo Architecture Index...| ..Buffalo History Index... .|....E-Mail ...| ..

web site consulting by ingenious, inc.