Illustrated Architecture Dictionary


Finely dressed stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared, or a structure built from such stones. Ashlar is the finest stone masonry unit.

A thin squared and dressed stone for facing a wall of rubble or brick.

Permits very thin mortar joints.

Found in almost all western styles of architecture.

Random ashlar: Stones seem to be laid without a drawn pattern, although the pattern may be repeated

Coursed ashlar: Stones are identical in each layer

Rough tooled ashlar  VS  Smooth ashlar

Examples from Buffalo architecture: Other examples:

Photos and their arrangement 2002 Chuck LaChiusa
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