Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
Finely dressed stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared, or a structure built from such stones. Ashlar is the finest stone masonry unit.
A thin squared and dressed stone for facing a wall of rubble or brick.
Permits very thin mortar joints.
Found in almost all western styles of architecture.
Random ashlar: Stones seem to be laid without a drawn pattern, although the pattern may be repeated
Coursed ashlar: Stones are identical in each layer
Rough tooled ashlar VS Smooth ashlar
Examples from Buffalo architecture:
- Left illustration above: Buffalo Gas Light Company
- Right illustration above: Old Post Office
- St. Frances de Sales RC Church
- Albright-Knox Art Gallery
- St. Gerard's RC Church
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