Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
..................... Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary

Tuscan Order

The Tuscan Order which is the simplest of all the orders, is distinguished by the following:

Popular in England and America during the Neoclassical Georgian and Georgian Revival periods.

The other four classical orders are Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite

Found in derivatives of Classical Greek and Roman architecture, including Beaux Arts Classicism, Classical Revival, Federal, Georgian Revival, Greek Revival, Neoclassicism, Renaissance Revival, Second Empire

The Orders of classical architecture were formalized by the Greeks and applied to the design and proportion of buildings used the post-and-lintel, or column and entablature construction

The Doric Order emerged in the sixth century BC, and was followed by the Ionic Order in the east Greek territories of Anatolia. ...

The Doric Order of architecture was little used by the Romans in Italy. The Tuscan order was a simplified version with base, unfluted shaft and simply molded capital.

- British Museum Pattern Books: Roman Design, by Eva Wilson, 1999

From the perspective of these writers [Sebastiano Serlio and Andrea Palladio], the Tuscan order was an older primitive Italic architectural form, predating the Greek Doric and Ionic. They made a valid argument for this claim by reference to several historic examples still available to them at the time. However, there is a difference of opinion on the relative age of the Tuscan to this day.

In the Classical world, this strong order was considered most appropriate in military architecture and in docks and warehouses when they were dignified by architectural treatment.

- Wikipedia: Tuscan order

Palladio's Drawings of the Five Classical Orders

Click on drawing for larger size

Examples from Buffalo:

Other examples:

Photos and their arrangement 2002 Chuck LaChiusa
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