Ellicott Square Building - Table of Contents

Ellicott Square Building - History
295 Main St., Buffalo, New York
From the Photo collection of the Ellicott Development Company

HISTORY
Beneath Illustrations



Click on illustrations for larger size

May 6, 1895

 

 

July 17, 1895

September 15, 1895

September 15, 1895

October 1, 1895

October 16, 1895

November15, 1895

Deember16, 1895

May 24, 1896

May 24, 1896

1971 Photograph
by Larry Johnson
1895(?)  Photograph
Buffalo Illustrated Courier

January 20, 1897

Architect's Drawing
Mosaic Floor
1930



In 1803, Joseph Ellicott, agent of the Holland Land Co., laid out the village of New Amsterdam, now the city of Buffalo. He reserved for his residence and private estate the most desirable location in the village, which was on the east side of Main Street, extending from Swan Street to Eagle Street.

Subsequently, for about 100 years, his heirs and their successors retained title to that part of the property between Swan Street and South Division Street, extending from Main Street to Washington Street. This area has therefore been known, and is still known, as "Ellicott Square." See Ellicott Square Block for six photos of the buildings that were located on the block prior to the Ellicott Square Building

In 1895, the Ellicott Company commissioned architect Daniel H. Burnham of Chicago to design what they referred to as an "office block" in downtown Buffalo. The result was a building occupying the entire space between Main, South Division, Washington, and Swan Streets. Its 10 stories, 60 offices, and 40 stores, along with its central court. cost 3.5 million dollars to build

It was on May 30, 1896, only one year following its inception, that the Ellicott Square Building -- the largest, finest, and most complete office building in America -- took its place as a finished structure in the front rank of the notable features of the city of Buffalo.

Like Burnham and Root's Rookery in Chicago, it is constructed around a large interior court. The elaborate terra-cotta exterior, now painted gray, which in its essential lines follows Richardson's Marshall Field Wholesale Store in Chicago, was conceived by Charles B. Atwood (1849 - 1895), the designer-in-chief of the World's Columbian Exposition and master of "all artistic matters" in the Chicago-based firm of D. H. Burnham and Company.

The architecture of Ellicott Square may be termed "Italian Renaissance," with refined and classic ornamental features.

ARCHITECT

D. H. Burnham & Co,
Charles Atwood, principal architect

ERECTED

1896

See also: Highlights of Buffalo's History, 1896

STYLE

Italian Renaissance Revival

FLOOR MOSAIC

1930-31, William Winthrop Kent of New York City and James Johnson

GROUND

240.80 x 200.22

FOUNDATION

Steel and concrete; 19 feet below grade

INTERIOR COURT

110.83 x 70.25

CEMENT

"Giant" Portland; 6,000 barrels

TIME SPENT IN CONSTRUCTION

One year

ELECTRIC PLANT

Four dynamos, 7,000 lights, 16 candles power

EXTERIOR CONSTRUCTION

Pressed brick and terra-cotta. Painted gray in 1971

ELEVATORS

15 hydraulic passenger, 1 hydraulic freight, 4 sidewalk lifts all made by Otis Bros. & Co.

CORNICE

Terra-cotta; projecting five feet - REMOVED IN 1971

FRAME

Steel; weight 5,500 tons

FlREPROOFING

Floor, arches, ceilings, partitions, and roof 12,000 tons

BOILERS

4; steel; water-tube; 250 H.P. each; made by the Gear Water-tube Boiler Co.

FLOORING

Clear maple, imbedded in concrete, 400,000 fee

PUMPS

One high-duty pumping engine, 4 elevator, 1 housepump, 2 boiler-feed pumps; all furnished by the Snow Steam Pump Works.

FLOOR SPACE

447,000 square feet

DECORATIONS

ltalian marble, marble mosaic, ornamental iron

HEIGHT OF BUILDING

144 feet

HARDWARE FlNISH

Quarter-sawed red oak

HEIGHT OF FIRST FLOOR

15.0; 2nd, 14.0; 3rd and 4th, 10.6, 5th to 10th, 10.0

CUBIC CONTENTS

6,576,100 feet

STORES

40

COUNTING ROOMS

16

OFFICES

60




Sources:



Special thanks to Carl Paladino, CEO of the Ellicott Development Company, for access to the company's archives

Page by Chuck LaChiusa
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