Architecture styles - Table of Contents

The Arts and Crafts (Craftsman) Style
1860-1930 (American: 1905-1930)

Architectural Style and Form: Craftsman/ Arts and Crafts (1905-1930)

(online October 2017)

The Craftsman style became the dominate style for smaller houses constructed throughout the country in the first decades of the twentieth-century. Developing as a response to the chaotic ornamentation of the Victorian-era which dominated the late nineteenth-century, the Craftsman movement emphasized the beauty of natural materials such as wood, stone and metals. The American Craftsman movement drew heavily on the ideals of the British Craftsman movement, founded by William Morris in the 1860s, who promulgated a return to hand-made and traditional production in response to the mechanization of the Industrial Revolution and the diminished role of worker as craftsman.

In architecture, the Craftsman style was influenced by several sources. It was initially utilized in the design of rustic cottages and resorts, imitating or inspired by vernacular architecture and log cabins. Other influences to the style came from the interest in exotic cultures during the late 1800s, such as Oriental and Indian art and architecture. Some influence from the roughly contemporary Prairie Style (which originated in the Chicago area) may also be seen in the style.

By the early twentieth-century, the Craftsman style had been translated into affordable, smaller houses which generally were called bungalows. This new bungalow house became extremely popular, and proliferated throughout the country in residential neighborhoods in the early twentieth-century.

Arts & Crafts Movement in England

Arts & Crafts Houses in Buffalo
Elbert Hubbard and the Roycrofterss
Gustav Stickley
Prairie Houses
American Foursquare Style
Tudor Revival
(not universally classified as Arts & Crafts

Colonial Revival
(not universally classified as Arts & Crafts)

Art Nouveau
(not universally classified as Arts & Crafts

Art & Crafts Furniture:

Mission style furniture

Aesthetic Movement


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