Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ............ Styles of Architecture............Tudor/Tudor Revival FURNITURE

Tudor / Tudor Revival Architecture in Buffalo, NY
(sometimes includes Jacobean Revival)


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Tudor revival:

See also:

Tudor - 16th century

 Tudor style, type of British architecture, mainly domestic, that grafted Renaissance decorative elements onto the Perpendicular Gothic style between 1485 and 1558. The Tudor style in architecture coincides with the first part of the reign of the Tudor monarchs, which commenced in 1485with the accession of Henry VII to the throne and ended with the death of Elizabeth I in 1603. Elizabeth’s own reign, from 1558 to 1603, is sufficiently distinctive to be considered a separate period in the history of English building types.

The characteristic exterior features of the Tudor style as used in
secular architecture are: a lavish use of half-timber work; large groups of rectangular windows; rich oriel, or bay, windows; complex roofs with many gables; interesting and sometimes fantastic chimney treatments; and much brickwork, frequently in patterns. The interiors of secular buildings featured richly wood-paneled walls and the lavish use of molded plasterwork to decorate ceilings, cornices, and walls, frequently in a naive imitation of Renaissance ornamental motifs.

- Encyclopaedia Britannica (online January 2023)

The reign of the Tudors, 1485-1603, covers the last phase of the Gothic style and the beginning of the Renaissance.

Elizabethan style is often described as Early Renaissance.

Sometimes, the architecture during King James's reign (Jacobean), also, Renaissance. is included in Tudor style.

Motifs: Heraldic symbols .....  strapwork .....  roundels .....  portrait busts .....  arabesques .....  grotesques .....  obelisks .....  caryatids .....  Tudor roses .....  cabochones (square inserts in a floor pattern) .....  acanthus .....  and vines.


Tudor Revival - 1890-1940

This is another of the period revival style houses of the early 20th century (e.g., Georgian Revival, Spanish Revival, Colonial Revival.) Note that some historians would classify the style as beginning in the late 19th century.

The period 1910-1930 was a time of free borrowing of historic styles as more people could afford single-family houses and there was no real consensus about a modern architectural style (as was the case with
Queen Anne, Shingle, and Georgian successively from from 1875 to 1910). Houses in this period are sometimes lumped together as "period revival."

Sometimes Tudor Revival is referred to as Elizabethan or Half-timbered houses

Derived primarily from English
Gothic and Renaissance buildings of the 16th and early 17th centuries, including those of Elizabethan (Elizabeth I, 1558-1603) and Jacobean (James I, 1603-25) periods.

Some Tudor houses mimic humble Medieval cottages -- they may even include a false thatched roof. Other Tudor homes borrow ideas from late Medieval palaces. They may have overlapping gables, parapets, and beautifully patterned brick or stonework.

Enormously popular in the 1920s and 1930s, especially in the suburbs, where only the Colonial Revival rivaled it in popularity.

Modified versions became fashionable in the 1970s and 1980s.

Two principal types: estate house, suburban house


For examples of half-timbering in England, see William Shakespeare's Birthplace, Stratford-Upon-Avon

Illustrated Features

Click on photos to enlarge

2 1/2 stories (1 1/2 stories also common)

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House


Illustration: 167 Louvaine Dr., Kenmore, NY

Brick wall cladding

Illustration: 167 Louvaine Dr.,

Patterned brick

Top Illustration: 87 Huntley Rd.

Middle Illustration: 167 Louvaine Dr., Kenmore, NY

Bottom Illustration: 43 Nottingham Ter.

Stone wall cladding

Illustration: Middlesex at Lincoln Pkwy

Decorative (i.e., not structural) half-timbering with stucco inset into exposed wood framing

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Bargeboard (vergeboard, gableboard)

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Entry: Tudor arches: flattened pointed arches in door and door surrounds

Illustration: 104 Chapin Pkwy.

Illustration: 295 Depew Ave.

Doorways: Vertical plank door

Illustration: 155 Depew Ave.

Holley House, LOCKPORT

Entries: Small tabs of cut stone may project into surrounding brickwork, giving a quoin-like effect

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Exterior: Front façade porches are generally either small or are entirely absent

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Exterior: Side porches are frequent

Illustration: Middlesex at Lincoln Pkwy

Windows: Tall, narrow windows

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Windows: Small leaded glass windows

Illustration: 295 Depew Ave.

Windows: Small multiple-paned windows

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Windows: Diamond pane casement

Illustration: 167 Louvaine Dr., Kenmore, NY

Windows: Rows (bands, strings) of three or more casement windows commonly located on or below the main gable (not this illustration) or on one- or two-story bays

Illustration: John J. Albright mansion on West Ferry St. (Demolished)

Transom windows

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Windows: Label molding

Illustration: 104 Chapin Pkwy.

Window: Oriel

Illustration: 43 Nottingham Ter.

Roof: steep gabled roofs

Illustration: 104 Chapin Pkwy.

Roof: dominant front-facing gable

Illustration: 163Winspear Ave.

Roofs: Overlapping gables

Illustration: 43 Nottingham Ter.

Roofs: Cross gables

Illustration: 167 Louvaine Dr., Kenmore, NY

Roofs: Steeply pitched gable dormers

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Illustration: Middlesex at Lincoln Pkwy

Chimneys: commonly placed in prominent locations on the front or side of the house

Illustration: 104 Chapin Pkwy.

Chimneys: massive chimney

Illustration: 104 Chapin Pkwy.

Chimneys: decorative, separate chimney pot for each flue

Illustration: 155 Depew Ave.

John J. Albright mansion on West Ferry St. (Demolished)

Chimneys: Multiple shafts of the chimney itself, representing the number of flues contained within

Illustration: Richmond-Lockwood House

Additional examples of Tudor Revival:

Text sources:

Photos and their arrangement © 2002 Chuck LaChiusa
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