Spencer Kellogg Family in Buffalo, NY

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Spencer Kellogg

Howard Kellogg
Son of Spencer Kellogg,

Henry H. Sizer House

 Spencer Kellogg & Sons Building on Niagara Square

98 Delaware Avenue, Spencer Kellogg offices

Kellogg "A" and "B" Elevators


Spencer Kellogg Elevator, 389 Ganson Street

Spencer Kellogg Elevator

Spencer Kellogg Jr. House

Source: 1905 Buffalo of Today: Domestic and Industrial

1924, bronze, about 3 inches in diameter.
Images courtesy of Larry Johnson.

Source: 1905 Buffalo of Today: Domestic and Industrial

An excerpt from
Buffalo's Delaware Avenue: Mansions and Families
By Edward T. Dunn
Pub. by Canisius College Press, 2003

The next resident at #805 Delaware [now the 1967 Temple Beth Zion] was Spencer Kellogg, who had the Forbush house razed and replaced with a splendid red-brick Georgian mansion with Doric columns which was completed in 1905 at a cost of $500,000.

Kellogg was born in West Galway, New York, in 1851. He graduated from the Gloversville Seminary and was also privately tutored.

In 1875 he married Jane Morris... [See  James R. Arnone, Central Park, Buffalo, New York: A Neighborhood of History and Tradition, 2010, pp. 130-131 for history of Jane's parents.]

Financial interests

After his marriage he was engaged briefly in banking in Des Moines. But he moved to Buffalo in 1879 where he founded a linseed oil business, which became Spencer Kellogg & Sons. Flax seed from which this oil is made could easily be brought from the Midwest and North Central States via the Lakes to Buffalo for processing and distribution to eastern markets.

He also became a grain elevator operator, a manufacturer of brooms and brushes, paints and varnishes, white lead, iron and steel, and vegetable oils. Kellogg & Sons became the largest of its kind in the world, with plants and offices throughout the United States and Europe.

In 1910 on the death of Colonel Barnard, owner of the Sizer mansion on Niagara Square, Spencer Kellogg & Sons bought the house, expanded it, and made it company headquarters.

At first the new #805 housed Spencer, fifty-two, his fifty-year old wife Jane, and four children: Howard twenty-four, Gertrude twenty-two, Ruth fifteen, and Dorris eleven. There were five domestics, the majority Irish girls, and in the back an Irish coachman and family. In 1952, when the Kelloggs had long decamped, a reporter recalled the glories of the mansion, not all of them gone:

Before beginning construction of the Kellogg home, architects for the firm of Green & Wicks and plaster workers from Marcott & Co., New York, interior decorators, were sent to Europe to observe various aspects of French and Italian architecture and art for adaptation to the mansion. Throughout its building only the finest materials were used. Fireplaces were of imported marble, balustrades of artistic wrought iron, lighting features of hammered bronze, wrought iron, crystal and gold, doors of solid mahogany, door knobs of cut glass; and the gold leaf ornamentation in the ceiling was very costly. Built into this one-time home are the basement theater, ... an art gallery and the beautiful music room in which more than a hundred persons can be seated without crowding.

Mr. Kellogg collected paintings and other objects of art from many distant countries. One of his favorite paintings was a Thomas Moran landscape. The gold andirons, harmonizing with the color scheme of the mahogany and gold library, came from Egypt. Carved gilded chairs of the reception hall were created in Austria. A table, topped with hand-tooled leather, is of Italian workmanship.

The art gallery is equipped with lighting designed to display paintings to advantage. Bedrooms are spacious and all bathrooms are in marble. Fixtures, including showers, are plated in gold.

The rooms of the first floor are virtually as they were when Mr. Kellogg lived there. In the reception hall, the crimson hangings and upholstery and the crimson velvet carpet have been replaced. The French blue damask covered walls of the drawing room, with its ample fireplace of cream-colored marble surmounted by a gold-framed arched mirror, are impressive. In the ivory and gold music room, the consoles of rare veined marble, selected by Mr. Kellogg, remain,

Spencer Kellogg had a summer home, "Lochevan," in Derby. After his death in 1922, son Howard, who had made this his regular home and had become executive vice-president of the family firm, became president.

Spencer Kellogg's widow remained at #805 for a few years until it was sold to the Town Club, a woman's group founded in 1926, which moved into its new quarters the next year. It had served as a private home for a mere dozen years.

Spencer Kellogg
WNY Heritage Press

Spencer Kellogg's grandfather [Supplina Kellogg] began milling linseed oil in 1824 in the Mohawk Valley near Amsterdam, New York.

Spencer Kellogg moved to Buffalo and, at age 28, built his first linseed oil mill in 1879. By 1894, he constructed a second mill, giving him a total of 36 presses, making his the largest linseed oil plant in the U.S.

The Spencer Kellogg & Sons, Inc. company, was incorporated in 1912 with its headquarters in Buffalo. In 1940, the company operated four flaxseed crushing plants, four soybean crushing plants, one copra crushing plant in Manila, one castorbean crushing plant and one tung oil rectifying and refining plant in Hankow, China.

Children of Jane Morris and Spencer Kellogg
By Brian Kellogg Sr.
Spencer Kellogg, Jr.
Elizabeth Miller Kellogg
Howard Kellogg
Gertrude Montgomery Kellogg
Morris Kellogg
Ruth Kellogg
Doris Kellogg
Donald Kellogg

As an aside, Spencer Kellogg wished for and treasured a large family, and his unsparing summer estate, "Lochevan," in Derby was a group of residences to enfold each of his children, their spouses and their children as well.

Excerpts from
Spencer Kellogg & Sons, Inc., Observes 100th Anniversary
The Buffalo Times, June 26, 1924

A celebration marking the 100th anniversary of the connection of the Kellogg family with the linseed oil business was begun today by the officials and personnel of Spencer Kellogg & Sons, Inc. A sales convention which has brought representatives from the Argentine and other distant points is being held in conjunction with the observance.

The history and grown of the company was traced today by Howard Kellogg, president, in opening the first business session of the sales conference. Supplina Kellogg, grandfather of Spencer Kellogg, Sr., was the first member of the Kellogg family to enter the linseed oil business. He established a mill just 100 years ago in West Galway, near Amsterdam, N.Y.

The mill later was moved to Amsterdam by Lauren Kellogg, father of Spencer Kellogg, Sr. It was 30 years ago that Spencer Kellogg, Sr. founded the present great firm in Ganson Street, near the Michigan Avenue bridge. Through his energy and enterprise Buffalo became the largest linseed milling center in the United States. It is at present second only to New York.

Development Continues

The fourth generation of Kellogg are continuing to develop the industry. Even though Spencer Kellogg, Sr., has passed away, the firm he founded has steadily progressed until today it is recognized as one of the foremost in the linseed business.

Associated with Howard Kellogg are his brothers, Spencer Jr. and Donald, both of whom are vice-presidents

Kellogg, Spencer, Jr.
Reprinted from
The Buffalo Artists' Register, Vol. 1 - 1926

Born in Amsterdam, N.Y., April 10, 1876, son of Spencer Kellogg and Jane Morris; home in buffalo and environs since 1879; married to Lida Deshler Wilson of Leavenworth, Kan., May 31, 1898; one daughter, Mrs. E. H. H. Roth; general education, Heathcote School, Buffalo; Lawerenceville, one year; Harvard University, 1898.

Art education - Private Instruction and a few months at the Art students League, New York City ; also at Buffalo School of fine arts .

First book designed and printed during the first year of Aries Press, was selected by jury of "American institute of Graphic Arts" as one of the" Fifty Books of the year," 1925 - 26.

Organizations - Director, two terms, of three years each, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy; was at one time President of Guild of Allied Arts; member, Grolier Club, American Institute of Graphic Arts, Buffalo Club.

See also: Ancestry of Spencer Kellogg 1876 - 1944

Page by Chuck LaChiusa
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