Colonial Revival FURNITURE ....... Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ............... Styles of Architecture

Colonial / Colonial Revival Architecture

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See also: Colonial Revival FURNITURE

Neoclassicism - Terminology
Neoclassicism/Neoclassical
(Neo-Classical)
Literally: "New Classicism."
European and American architecture style inspired by Classical Greek - and especially Roman - ruins.
Georgian Four King Georges in England. George III ruled England when Neoclassicism was popular.
Georgian Neoclassical Neoclassicism named after George III in England. Encompasses both Palladian and Adamesque Neoclassical styles.
Palladian Neoclassical Earlier version of European Neoclassicism based on the books of Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio who studied Roman ruins in Italy.
Adam style/Adamesque Later version of European Neoclassicism based on Robert's Adam's studies of excavations at Herculaneum and Pompeii.
Colonial Styles of architecture during America's colonial period, i.e., before the Revolutionary War. The most prominent style was Georgian because most the colonies were English owned.
Federal The American term for Adamesque after the Revolutionary War. "Federal" is a a patriotic term.
Roman Classicism/ / Jeffersonian Classicism / Classic(al) Revival Neoclassical version inspired by Renaissance-inspired Palladian Neoclassical style. Thomas Jefferson owned three copies of Palladio's books and used Palladian ideals in designing Monticello, etc.

This vision of Neoclassicism competed with the simpler Federal style.
Beaux-Arts Classicism A very rich, lavish and heavily ornamented classical style taught at L'Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris in the 19th century. Influenced the last phase of Neoclassicism in the United States


Colonial styles - Pre-Revolutionary War

"Colonial" style in architecture and furniture includes all the styles which existed during the Colonial period of American history. The Colonial period ended once the Colonies declared independence from England.

Colonial furniture styles, of course, corresponded to the architectural styles.


Colonial Revival 1870-1920

Definition: The reuse of Colonial design in the US toward the end of the 19th and into the 20th century, typically in bank buildings, churches and suburban homes.

This architectural style is considered a Victorian era style because, like the British Victorians, reaction to the Industrial Revolution led to reexamination of the pre-Industrial Revolution past. A revival of Gothic style architecture was the first manifestation of this romantic portrayal of the past. In the early 20th century, the two dominant styles being built in suburbs were Tudor Revival and Colonial Revival.

Following on the heels of America's Centennial celebrations, the Colonial Revival emerged in the early 1880s. The style, which borrowed heavily from early American architecture - particularly Georgian style buildings - was largely an outgrowth of a new pride in America's past and a rapidly growing Interest in historic preservation. Among the leaders of the movement were the partners at McKim, Mead and White, who had made a tour of New England's historic towns in 1878.

In the early phase, the Colonial Revival style remained the exclusive domain of fashionable architectural firms and was favored for the large residences of wealthy clients.

The Colonial Revival building is often a combination of various Colonial styles and contemporary elements. Generally the Revival house is larger than its Colonial counterpart and some of the individual elements are exaggerated or out of proportion with other parts of the house. Some Revival houses, however, are executed with such historical accuracy that they are difficult to distinguish from original houses.

A subgenre of Colonial Revival is Georgian Revival which looks to the architecture in the New England Colonies from 1600-1700.

See Colonial Revival staircases

Colonial Revival common characteristics:


Dutch Colonial Revival 1880-1955

Of the many forms of the Colonial Revival style, the Dutch cottage variant is among the most distinctive. Adapted from eighteenth century farmhouses erected by Dutch settlers, the defining characteristic of the style is a gambrel roof, which was introduced to America by the Dutch in the Mid-Atlantic colonies. The double-pitch of the gambrel roof created more space in the upper story, while allowing for the rapid run-off of rainfall, common to the eastern seaboard.

Dutch Colonial Revival houses are typically a tall one-and-one-half story building with a large flank-gambrel roof containing the second floor and attic. The lower roof slopes at both front and rear are broken by large full-width shed dormers on the second story level; the dormers usually dominate the roof, and the gambrel form is sometimes evident only on the end walls.

- Historic Resources Intensive Level Survey - Grant-Ferry-Forest, Vol. 1



Common characteristics:


Examples of Colonial Revival architecture in Buffalo

Click on illustrations for larger size



1782 Seneca St.
(
Georgian)


Fairfield Library
(Georgian)

Rockwell Hall, State U. College at Buffalo
(
Georgian)

Fraternal Lodge 625 / Wood Senior Residence in Hamburg
(
Georgian)

Bethlehem Steel Management Club / Brierwood Country Club, in Hamburg. 1950s building.

440 Linwood Ave.


160 Windsor Ave.
(Georgian)

65 Lincoln Pkwy.
(Georgian)

591 Delaware Ave.


175 Depew Ave.

Depew Ave.

237 Depew Ave.
(
Georgian)

260 Depew Ave.
(
Georgian)


260 Depew Ave.

270 Depew Ave.
(
Georgian)

25 Colonial Circle


Other online Colonial Revival buildings:


Text sources:


Photos and their arrangement 2005 Chuck LaChiusa
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